Space | Week 9 | Galaxies

galaxyPoem: Dinosaur Diets – Jane Yolen

Constellation: Bootes

Craft: Galaxy in a Jar

Space Person: Joscelyn Bell (Wikipedia, PBS: A Science Odyssey) Discovered the first radio pulsars

Movie: Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy

Vocabulary:

  • galaxy: a collection of star systems
  • milky way galaxy: the name of our galaxy, a spiral galaxy that contains about 400 billion stars
  • elliptical galaxy: a galaxy shaped like a round or flattened ball, generally containing only old stars
  • irregular galaxy: a galaxy that does not have a regular shape
  • spiral galaxy: a galaxy with a bulge in the middle and arms that spiral outward in a pinwheel pattern
  • nuclear bulge: the spherical cloud of stars that lies at the center of spiral galaxies
  • halo: spherical region that surrounds the nuclear bulge and disk
  • galaxy disk: Disk galaxies are galaxies which have disks, a flattened circular volume of stars

References: Galaxy Types, Kid Astronomy : Galaxy, Explore the Milky Way Galaxy DocumentaryMilky Way Song, Milky Way GalaxyGalaxies Part 1, Galaxies Part 2

Space | Week 8 | Comets & Asteroids

cometsQuote: Early Bird – Shel Silverstein

Constellation: Corona Borealis

Space Person: Kepler (Wikipedia, Famous Scientists) Famous for Planetary Laws of Motion

Movie: Armageddon

Vocabulary:

  • comet: an object that falls in outer space that orbits on an elliptical path
  • meteor: a falling rock object in outer space that burns as it falls
  • meteorite: a meteor that explodes after it falls down
  • meteoroid: a rock that is smaller than an asteroid and at least as small as a speck of dust
  • asteroid: minor planet made up of minerals and rock
  • asteroid belt: circumstellar disc located between Mars and Jupiter occupied by numerous irregularly shaped bodies called asteroids or minor planets
  • nebula: a cloud of interstellar dust and rock
  • alien: something different or foreign

References:

Top 10 CometsComets: Crash Course, All about Comets, Bill Nye- Could we stop an Asteroid?, Asteroid Belt, Asteroid Belt

Space | Week 7 | Stars & Space Debris

starsPoem: Evening Star – Edgar Allen Poe

Constellation: Aquila

Craft: Marshmallow Constellations

Space Person: Willamina Fleming (Wikipedia, Working Women) Famous for developing new star classification system, discovered many novae, nebulae, and variable stars.

Movie: Stargate

Vocabulary:

  • stellar nebula: a cloud of super heated gasses and other elements formed by the explosive death of a massive star
  • average star: a star predicted to go through the main sequence of life
  • red giant: a star that has low surface temperature and a diameter that is large relative to the sun
  • planetary nebula: created when a star blows of it’s outer layers after it has run out of fuel to burn
  • white dwarf: the burned out core of collapsed stars that, like dying embers, slowly cool and fade away
  • massive star: any star which is larger than 8 solar masses during its regular main sequence lifetime
  • red supergiant: an aging giant star that has consumed its core’s supply of hydrogen fuel
  • supernova: the explosion of a star.  the largest explosion that takes place in space

References:

Space Debris 1957 – 2016, Crashing SatellitesTed Talk: Let’s Clean Up the Space Junk, Life Cycle of a Star, Stars: Crash Course

Space | Week 6 | Black Holes

A stellar-mass black hole in orbit with a companion star located about 6,000 light years from Earth.Poem: Listen to the Mustn’ts by Shel Silverstein

Constellation: Learn your own Zodiac Signzodiac-months

Craft: Black Holes

Space Person: Galileo (wikipedia, achievements) – Known for discovering the moon had craters, Jupiter has moons, & dropping objects off the Tower of Pisa

Movie: Independence Day

Vocabulary:

  • accretion disk: an orbiting disk of matter spiraling in towards a black hole
  • black hole: remnant of a star that is so dense that nothing not even light can escape it’s gravity field
  • event horizon: the invisible boundary around a black hole which when passed nothing can escape the gravitational pull, not even light
  • gamma ray burst: a sudden burst of gamma rays from deep space which bursts apparently come from distant galaxies, but their precise mechanism is unknown
  • singularity: a point in which matter is infinitely dense, as in the center of a black hole or the universe at the very beginning
  • stellar black hole: a black hole formed by the gravitational collapse of a massive star at the end of it’s lifetime
  • super massive black hole: the largest type of black hole in a galaxy on the order of hundreds of thousands to billions of solar masses

References:  What is a black hole?Nasa black holesBlack hole facts, Black holes Explained, Black holes and light

Space | Week 5 : Moons

moonsPoem:  I’m waiting for a rocket ship to take me to the moon.  My best friend has been building one, he’ll pick me up by noon.  First we’re going to skip moon rocks across the milky way.  And then we’ll ask some aliens to dance the moon ballet.  I think we’ll do some fishing for comets passing by.  We likely won’t catch any, but it’s still fun to try.  It always takes my breath away to see earth from the air.  But soon I’ll have to come back home- there are no bathrooms there.

Constellation: Cygnus

Craft:  Moon Phases/ Moon Rocks

Space Person: Caroline Herschel

Movie: Wall-E

Planetarium:

  • June 26th | 11am |  Exploding Universe
  • June 28th | 11am | Black Holes

Vocabulary:

  • satellite: a celestial body that orbits (circles) another object in space
  • lunar: a word that describes items associated with the moon
  • regolith: the layer of loose material covering the hard rocky surface of the moon
  • crater: a bowl shaped depression with a raised rim formed by the impact of a meteroid with the surface of the moon
  • lunar phase: the particular appearance presented by the moon or a planet at a given time
  • waxing: the moons visible area is increasing
  • waning: the moons visible area is decreasing
  • gibbous: when the moon is more than half full

References:  NatGO, Moon Phase Calendar, Moon’s effects on the Tides, Moons in Our Solar System, Top 10 Bizarre Moons, Niel Armstrong on the Moon

 

Space | Week 4 | The 9th Planet, Pluto, & Dwarf Planets

dwarf planetsPoem or Quote: Warning – Shel Silverstein

Constellation: Hercules

Craft: Explosions/ Chemical Reactions

Space Person: Copernicus – Known for model of the universe where the sun is the center (wikipedia, 100 Greatest Discoveries)

Movie: Zathura

Planetarium:

  • June 20th | 11am | Perfect Little Planet
  • June 22nd | 11am | Wonders of the Universe

Vocabulary Words:

  • pulsar: a highly magnetized rotating neutron star or white dwarf that emits a beam of electromagnetic radiation, often looks like a flickering star
  • dwarf planet: doesn’t meet at least one of the 3 requirements
  • ISS: International Space Station
  • interplanetary: situated or traveling between planets
  • intergalactic: relating to or situated between two or more galaxies
  • horizon: the line at which the earths surface and the sky appear to meet
  • gravitation: movement toward or attraction to something
  • aerospace: the branch of technology and industry concerned with both aviation and space flights

Video References: The 9th Planet, Scientists may have found “true” 9th planet, Planet 9 from Outer Space, Pluto: Still not a planet, Why Isn’t Pluto a Planet, Dwarf Planet Song,

Other References:

This past week my son REALLY enjoyed putting together a LEGO Space Ship that he received from his aunt.  If your kids love LEGOs try this one out from Amazon.

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Space | Week 3| Outer Planets: Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, & Neptune

outer planetsPoem or Quote: May I suggest that you reduce the rush and take a little extra time to get to know yourself better.  Walk in nature, watch a sunrise, enjoy God’s creations, ponder the truths of the restored gospel and find out what they mean for you personally.  Learn to see yourself as Heavenly Father sees you – as His precious daughter or son with divine potential.   – G. Todd Christofferson

Constellation: Draco the Dragon

Craft: Planet Mobile

Space Person: Annie Cannon – known for stellar classification

Movie: Apollo 13

Planetarium: June 14th, 11am  New Horizons

Vocabulary Words:

  • planet : orbits the sun, round, and has enough gravity to clear it’s orbit of other objects
  • solar system : a group of stars, moons, and planets in outer space
  • axis : an imaginary line that tilts and rotates the planets
  • revolution : when planets complete a turn around the sun
  • aerodynamics : the study of the properties of moving air; especially the interaction between air and solid bodies moving through it.
  • re-entry : the action or process of re-entering the earths atmosphere
  • zodiac :
  • trajectory : the path followed by a projectile flying or an object moving under the action of given forces

Video References: Gas Giants, Uranus, The Outer Planets, Why are the Inner Planets and Outer Planets Different?, Gas Giants Weather

This week’s craft is a planet mobile.  Here is one that is on my wish list:

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